Vision ias Governance ( सुशासन ) Notes pdf 2023

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Vision ias Governance ( सुशासन ) Notes pdf 2023

Vision ias Governance ( सुशासन ) Notes pdf 2023

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Polity PDF Notes

Governance Questions Answers

प्रश्न=01. सरकार द्वारा आईसीटी (ICT) के विकास के लिए कितने प्रतिशत बजट का प्रावधान किया गया है
(अ) 5
(ब) 3
(स) 6
(द) 7
Ans. (ब)

प्रश्न=02. भारत में सूचना संप्रेषण तकनीकी के जन्मदाता किसको माना जाता है
(अ) मदन मोहन मालवीय(Madan mohan malviya)
(ब) Indira Gandhi
(स) Rajiv Gandhi
(द) Atal Bihari Vajpai
Ans. (स)

प्रश्न=03. कौन सा वर्ष भारत में इ गवर्नस ( E governance) वर्ष के रूप में मनाया गया
(अ) 2001
(ब) 2003
(स) 2005
(द) 2007
Ans. (अ)

प्रश्न=04. NEF का आयोजन कहां किया गया
(अ) Rajasamand
(ब) Bharatpur
(स) Alwar
(द) Udaipur
Ans. (द)

प्रश्न=05. इ डिस्ट्रिक्ट ( E district) कौन से जिलों में संचालित है
(अ) अजमेर अलवर
(ब) अजमेर जोधपुर
(स) जयपुर भरतपुर
(द) जयपुर झालावाड़
Ans. (ब)

प्रश्न=06. राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर ई गवर्नेंस योजना का शुभारंभ किया गया
(अ) 14 अगस्त 2002 को
(ब) 15 अगस्त 2002 को
(स) 13 अगस्त 2002
(द) 16 अगस्त 2002 को
Ans. (ब)

प्रश्न=07. ई गवर्नेंस के तहत सेवाएं प्रचलित है
(अ) भामाशाह
(ब) ईमित्र
(स) एजुकेशन पोर्टल
(द) सभी
Ans. (द)

प्रश्न=08. प्रशासन के कार्य में सूचना एवं संचार प्रौद्योगिकी (Information and communication technology) का प्रयोग कहलाता है
(अ) ई गवनेस
(ब) ई लर्निंग
(स) टैली गवनेस
(द) ईमित्र
Ans. (अ)

प्रश्न=09. महात्मा गांधी राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार गारंटी अधिनियम (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) योजना की निगरानी के लिए वर्ष 2014 का राष्ट्रीय ई-गवर्नेंस पुरस्कार किस राज्य को मिला
(अ) Gujarat
(ब) Rajasthan
(स) Haryana
(द) Punjab
Ans. (अ)

प्रश्न=10. सरकार और नागरिकों के बीच सूचनाओं के इलेक्ट्रॉनिक आदान-प्रदान को कहते हैं
(अ) जी2सी
(ब) जी2जी
(स) जी 2 बी
(द)जी2ई
Ans. (अ)

प्रश्न=11. सरकार द्वारा ICT के विकास के लिए कितने प्रतिशत बजट का प्रावधान है ?
(अ) 1%
(ब) 2%
(स) 3%
(द) 4%
Ans. (स)
व्याख्या:- सरकार द्वारा ict के विकास के लिए 3 % बजट का प्रावधान है

प्रश्न=12. भारत में सूचना संप्रेषण तकनीकी के जन्मदाता किसे माना जाता है ?
(अ) महात्मा गांधी
(ब) राजीव गांधी
(स) इंद्रा गांधी
(द) अन्य
Ans. (ब)
व्याख्या:- भारत में सूचना संप्रेषण तकनीकी जन्मदाता राजीव गांधी को माना जाता है

प्रश्न=13. ई गवर्नेंस द्वारा अनेक प्रक्रियाएं की जाती है उनमें असुमेलित है ?
(अ) G TO G
(ब) G TO P
(स) G TO C
(द) G TO E
Ans. (ब)✔
व्याख्या:- ई गवर्नेंस आईसीटी द्वारा संचालित है जो एक संगठनत के रूप में है तथा ई सरकार द्वारा अनेक प्रक्रियाएं की जाती है जैसे(1)G2G (2)G2C (3)G2E (4)G2B।

प्रश्न=14. भारत में सूचना तकनीकी कानून कब लागू किया गया ?
(अ) 18 अक्टूबर 2000
(ब) 18 अक्टूबर 2002
(स) 10 अक्टूबर 2004
(द) 15 अगस्त 2002
Ans. (अ)
व्याख्या:- 18 अक्टूबर 2000 को भारत में सूचना तकनीकी कानून लागू किया गया तथा इस कानून में साइबर अपराध पर दंड दिया जाएगा और इसमें इलेक्ट्रॉनिक दस्तावेज डिजिटल हस्ताक्षर ई-मेल को भी मान्यता दी गई

प्रश्न=15. भारत में गवर्नेंस वर्ष के रूप में मनाया ?
(अ) 2000 को
(ब) 2001
(स) 2002
(द) 2003
Ans. (ब)
व्याख्या:- वर्ष 2001 को भारत में ई गवर्नेंस वर्ष के रूप में मनाया

GK Notes PDF

Governance Questions Answers

प्रश्न=16. 13 दिसंबर 2012 को किस जिले में इलेट्स टेक्नो मीडिया के सहयोग से नॉलेज एक्सचेंज फोरम (NEF) का आयोजन किया गया ?
(अ) जयपुर
(ब) झुंझुनू
(स) झालावाड़
(द) उदयपुर
Ans. (द)
व्याख्या:- 13 दिसंबर 2012 को उदयपुर में इलेट्स टेक्नो मीडिया के सहयोग से नॉलेज एक्सचेंज फोरम का आयोजन किया गया

प्रश्न=17. सामान्य सेवा केंद्र (csc)मिशन मोड परियोजना है इसका संबंध किससे है ?
(अ) केंद्र मिशन मोड परियोजना
(ब) राज्य मिशन मोड परियोजना
(स) एकीकृत मिशन मोड परियोजना
(द) उपरोक्त तीनों
Ans. (स)
व्याख्या:- सामान्य सेवा केंद्र (csc) मिशन मोड परियोजना है इसका संबंध एकीकृत मिशन मोड परियोजना से है

प्रश्न=18. राजस्थान सरकार का अधिकृत वेब पोर्टल है ?
(अ) राज दर्पण
(ब) ज्ञान दर्पण
(स) सरकार दर्पण
(द) राज्य सरकार दर्पण
Ans. (अ)
व्याख्या:- राजस्थान सरकार का राज दर्पण अधिकृत वेब पोर्टल है

प्रश्न=19. देवांग मेहता ने ई गवर्नेंस को कहा ?
(अ) ऑनलाइन गवर्नेंस
(ब) गुड गवर्नेंस
(स) स्मार्ट गवर्नेंस
(द) डिजिटल गवर्नेंस
Ans. (स)
व्याख्या:- देवांग मेहता ने इसे स्मार्ट (SMART) गवर्नेंस कहते हैं S=simple(सामान्य), M=model(प्रतिरूप), A=Accountable(गणना), R=Responcible(जिम्मेदार), T=Transparent(पारदर्शिता)

प्रश्न=20. राजस्थान में डिजिटल हस्ताक्षरित प्रमाण पत्र कब से जारी किए जा रहे हैं ?
(अ) 12 मई 2011
(ब) 12 मई 2012
(स) 1 अप्रैल 2011
(द) 1 अप्रैल 2012
Ans. (अ)
व्याख्या:- राजस्थान में डिजिटल हस्ताक्षरित प्रमाण पत्र ( Digital signature certificate) 12 मई 2011 से जारी किए जा रहे हैं

Q. 21. e- governess परियोजना का राष्ट्रीय e प्रशासन कार्यक्रम का शुभारम्भ कब हुआ ?
A 16 अगस्त 2002
B 15 अगस्त 2002
C 2001
D 15 अगस्त 2001
Ans. (ब)

Q. 22. csc परियोजना द्वारा हेतु राज्य स्तर पर चलाया जा रहा है
A सूचना prodhyogiki
B राजकोम
C दोनों
D कोई nhi
Ans. (अ)

Q. 23. e-गवरनेस परियोजना के कितने चरण है ?
A 6
B 4
C 2
D 1
Ans. (ब)

Q.24. csc परियोजना का प्रारम्भ राजस्थान मे कब हुआ ?
A 2009
B 2008
C 2002
D 2001
Ans. (अ)

Q. 25 e-governess के अंतर्गत सम्मिलित है ?
A e-मित्र
B B2c
C दोनों
D कोई नहीं
Ans. (स)

Q. 26 e-गवर्नेंस मे उपलब्ध सेवाए है
A G2c
B B2c
C B2b
D उपयुक्त सभी
Ans. (द)

प्रश्न -27. सरकार द्वारा सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय में ‘ई गवर्नेंस’ केंद्र की स्थापना कब की गई ?
(a)26 जनवरी 2000
(b)30 मार्च 2001
(c)2 अप्रैल 2002
(d)15 अगस्त 2000
Ans. (d)

प्रश्न- 28 ई प्रशासन की विशेषताएं हैं ?
(a)यह प्रशासन को पारदर्शी एवं मितव्यई बनाता है जिससे भ्रष्टाचार से मुक्ति मिलती है (b)यह सरकार व जनता के मध्य संवाद को जटिल बनाता है
(c) इससे प्रशासन में जवाबदेहीता अनिश्चित होती है
(d) लालफीताशाही बाबूशाही से प्रशासन को बढ़ावा मिलता है
Ans. (a)

Geography PDF Notes

Governance Questions Answers

Question: From whom can I claim my rights?

Nearly all the basic human rights that are listed in the international documents are claims against your government, or state officials. Human rights protect your interests against the state, so you need to claim them from the state or from their representatives. If you feel that your rights are being violated by, for example, your employer or your neighbour, you cannot resort directly to international human rights legislation unless there is also something the government of the country ought to have done to prevent employers or neighbours from behaving in this way.

Question: Does anyone have a duty to protect my rights?

Yes. A right is meaningless without a corresponding responsibility or duty on someone else’s part. Every individual has a moral duty not to violate your personal dignity but your government, in signing up to international agreements, has not just a moral duty but also a legal duty.

Question: Are human rights only a problem in non-democratic countries?

There is no country in the world that has a completely clean record on human rights, even today. There may be more frequent violations in some countries than others or they may affect a larger proportion of the population, but every single violation is a problem that ought not to have happened and that needs to be dealt with. An individual whose rights are violated in one of the established democracies is hardly likely to be comforted by the fact that, in general, their country has a “better” record on human rights than other countries in the world!

Question: Have we made any progress in reducing human rights violations?

Great progress – even if it sometimes seems a mere drop in the ocean. Consider the abolition of slavery, the vote for women, the countries that have abolished the death penalty, the freeing of prisoners of conscience as a result of international pressure, the collapse of the apartheid regime in South Africa, the cases that have been tried before the European Court and the laws that have had to be changed as a result. Consider the fact that the gradual change in international culture means that even the most authoritarian regimes now have to take human rights into consideration in order to be accepted on the international stage. There have been many positive results, particularly over the past 50 years, but a great deal more remains to be done.

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Governance Questions Answers

Question: How can I defend my rights?

Try pointing out that they have been violated; claim your rights. Let the other person know that you know they are not entitled to treat you in this way.. Pinpoint the relevant articles in the UDHR, in the ECHR or the other international documents. If there is legislation in your own country, point to that as well. Tell others about it: tell the press, write to your parliamentary representative and head of state, inform any NGOs that are engaged in human rights activism. Ask their advice. Speak to a lawyer, if you have the opportunity. Make sure that your government knows what action you are taking. Make them realise that you are not going to give up. Show them the support you can draw on. In the final analysis, and if everything else has failed, you may want to resort to the courts.

Question: How do I go to the European Court of Human Rights?

The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms contains a procedure for individual complaints. However, there are strong admissibility requirements before a case can be considered. For example, you need to ensure that your complaint has already been raised in the national courts of your country (up to the highest court!) before you can bring a case to the European Court. If you wish to try, and you believe that you satisfy the admissibility requirements, then you can bring a complaint. However, you are strongly advised to seek legal advice or the advice of NGOs working in the field in order to be sure that your claim has a real chance of success. Be aware that it can be a long and complicated process before a final judgment is given!

History PDF Notes

Governance Questions Answers

Question: Why do we talk about human rights and not human responsibilities?

Although some thinkers and NGOs have put forward strong arguments for the need for human responsibilities and even codes or declaration to articulate these, the human rights community has generally been reticent about this debate. The reason is that many governments make the “granting” of human rights dependent on certain “duties” imposed by the state or ruler, in this way making the whole idea of rights as birthrights meaningless. However, it goes without saying that we need to act responsibly as individuals and groups to respect the rights of others, not to abuse human rights and to advance the rights of others as well as ourselves. In fact, article 29 of the UDHR recognises that, “1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. 2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.”.

Question: Who looks after human rights?

We all need to. There is legislation both at national and at international levels which imposes restrictions on what governments are able to do to their citizens but, if no-one points out that their actions are violating international norms, governments can continue to violate them with impunity. As individuals, we need not only to respect the rights of others in our everyday lives but also to keep watch on our governments and on others. The protective systems are there for all of us if we use them.

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