Nitin Sangwan Indian After Independence Notes PDF

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Nitin Sangwan Indian After Independence Notes PDF

Indian After Independence Notes PDF

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Nitin Sangwan Indian After Independence Notes PDF:- This Post Indian After Independence Art and Culture, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Geography, History of Modern India, Science and Technology and Internal Security Notes for IAS, Civil Services and other Competitive Exams.

The topic wise PDF of Nitin Sangwan for the preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PCS examinations are compiled below. The notes PDF are one the best study material for coaching classes. The selected candidates referred the notes to jobs aspirants. The notes are useful for UPSC, NTPC, SSC CPO SI, RPSC, SSC CGL, CPO,CHSL, UPSSSC PET, ALL STATE PCS EXAM  and most of the Govt jobs exams. The notes PDF can be downloaded from the button with google drive link.

it is a very important topic in UPSC Civil Services Mains GS Paper 1. Post independence history of India is the one of the most important topic in UPSC mains GS paper 3. UPSC has not specified any separate title to read this topic. It has been 75 years since 1947 when the country gained its independence from the colonial rule there have been many such incidents which have shaped the way India progresses. Some of the important topics and many subsections have been made to make your UPSC IAS exam preparation efficient.

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India After Independence Questions

1. Gandhi Sagar Dam is built on ______ river.

Mahi
Chambal
Ganga
Saraswati
Ans:- B

The Gandhisagar Dam is located 168 kilometres from the district headquarters. The dam was built on the Chambal River.

One of the four major dams erected on India’s Chambal River is the Gandhi Sagar Dam. The dam is located in Madhya Pradesh’s Mandsaur and Mandsaur districts. It’s a masonry gravity dam that stands 62.17 metres (204.0 feet) tall and holds 7.322 billion cubic metres of water from a catchment area of 22,584 square kilometres (8,720 sq mi).

On 7 March 1954, Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone for the dam, and prominent Indian engineers built the main dam.

2. Which Indian union territory includes Amindivi and Minicoy?

Lakshadweep
Daman and Diu
Andaman and Nicobar
Chandigarh
Ans:- A

In 1965, The union cabinet authorized an amendment to the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Aminidivi Island Land Revenue and Tenancy Regulation to grant occupation rights to the union territory’s scheduled tribe (ST) population.

3. The reorganisation of states in India based on linguistics was done in what year?

1950
1956
1952
1951
Ans:- B

After independence in 1947, the reorganisation of India was demanded so many times by the people. The need for this reorganisation came from economic, financial, and religious issues. Subsequently, in 1953, the State Reorganisation Commission (SRC) came into existence.

The commission submitted its official reports in 1955. S. Fazal Ali headed State Reorganisation Commission (SRC). The commission also had two members, namely H.N. Kunzru and M. Panikkar.

On 1 November 1956, Andhra Pradesh became the first state of independence in India to be formed on a linguistic basis.

4. In what year was India not at war with Pakistan?

1947
1950
1965
1971
Ans:- B

The war between India and Pakistan was in 1947 ,1965 and 1971. 1950 was the only year they were not at war. The first Indo-Parkistan war broke out as a result of a dispute over the status of the states of Kashmir and Jammu in 1947. This was known as the First Kashmir War. As a result of this war, India gains significant control over the Kashmir region.

The second war that broke out was in 1965 due to Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar. The final war was in 1971, which arose as a result of the Bangladesh Liberation war. The Indo-Pakistani war in 1971 is regarded as one of the shortest wars in the world’s history.

Polity PDF Notes

5. Who was the serving prime Minister during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war?

Lal Bahadur Shastri
Jawaharlal Nehru
Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Ans:-A

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the serving prime Minister during the Indo-Pakistan war that occurred between August -and September 1965. He served as the Prime Minister between 1964 and 1965. He was also the first Prime Minister to die in a foreign land. He also signed the Tashkent declaration with Mohammad Ayub Khan in 1966.

6. How many Indians formed the Constituent Assembly?

One hundred
Two hundred
Three hundred
Four hundred
Ans:- C

The Indian Constituent Assembly was elected to draft the country’s constitution. The ‘Provincial Assembly’ chose it. Constituent Assembly Members served as the nation’s first Parliament following India’s independence from the British government in 1950.

The Constituent Assembly consisted of a total number of 389 members, with 292 representing provinces, 93 representing princely states, and four representing the chief commissioner provinces of Coorg, Delhi, Ajmer-Merwara, and British Baluchistan.

7. One of the listed options is NOT included in India’s Constitution??

Special Privileges for the Poorest and Most Disadvantaged Indians
Preference for Hindu religion
Equal Rights for All Citizens
Adoption of Universal Adult Franchise
Ans:- B

The constitution is not biased based on religion or ethnicity. The constitution was created for a united India to ensure the growth of the country’s economy and increase its citizen’s standard of living.

8. In what year did India mark its 60th year of independence?

on january 26,2000
on August 15, 2009
on August 15,2007
on January 15, 2005
Ans:- C

India marked its 60th year of freedom from British Colonial rule in 2007. The Indian Prime Minister was Manmohan Sigh, and his tenure was focused on improvement in the agricultural and industrial sectors.

9. Who was the presiding chairman of the Constitution drafting committee in 1947?

Lal Bahadur Shastri
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Ans:- B

Having studied the constitution of over 60 countries, Dr B.R. Ambedkar was elected the chairman of the Constitution drafting committee. The committee was set up in August 1947. It took almost three years to draft out the constitution. The original constitution included 22 parts, 395 articles, and 8 schedules. The full constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

10. Based on _______________ approach, the Planning Commission devised and implemented appropriate policies for economic development.

Market economy
Public enterprise
Mixed economy
Private enterprise
Ans:- C

In a mixed economy, the government uses economic planning as a tool. This is required for public-sector businesses that must follow a set of guidelines and meet specific predetermined goals.

Similarly, the private sector cannot be allowed to develop on its own. Both sectors’ programs are designed to achieve a coordinated and rapid economic development so that growth in one complements growth in the other.

11. Who was India’s first Foreign Minister?

Jawaharlal nehru
Sardar Patel
Krishna Iyer
Vikaylakshmi Pandit
Ans:- A

Jawaharlal Nehru became the first foreign Minister on 27 May 1964. Jawaharlal Nehru held this position for 17 years and is regarded as the longest-serving Foreign Minister in India.

12. Which state is Bhilai Steel Plant located in?

Chhattisgarh
Bihar
Odisha
Madhya Pradesh
Ans: A

The Bhilai Steel Planted was set up in 1959 with the help of the United Socialist Soviet Republic (USSR). The steel plant is located in Bhilai, in the state of Chhattisgarh. It is India’s first and major supplier of steel rails. The Bhilai Steel Plant is the largest and most profitable production facility of the Steel Authority of India Limited, a government-owned steel corporation. Bhilai Steel Private Limited is a non-profit organization that was founded on 31 December 2002. It’s an unlisted private corporation that is categorized as a company limited by shares.’

13. In what year was the United Provinces changed to Uttar Pradesh?

1948
1951
1950
1947
Ans:- C

The United Provinces were renamed Uttar Pradesh and became a constituent state of the Republic of India after a new Indian constitution was adopted in 1950. Its capital is Lucknow. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Dehli, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh. It also shares its international boundaries with Nepal.

14. The Operation Meghdoot was the code name for?

To capture Goa and Anjidiv Islands
To capture the Siachen Glacier
To push back the infiltrators in the Kargil war
Ans:- B

Operation Meghdoot was the military code name for the Indian Armed Forces Operation to capture the Siachen Glacier in the Kashmir state of India. The operation Meghdoot was launched on 13 April 1984 on the world’s highest battlefield. It resulted in the Indian Armed Forces gaining complete control of Siachen Glacier.

History PDF Notes

India Since Independence
The topics under this section have been divided into various eras as given below.

Nehruvian Era
Aftermath of partition
Integration of the princely states
Issue of the official language (this recurs in most eras)
Reorganisation of states
Tribal consolidation and issues
The foreign policy of Pandit Nehru

PM Shastri Era
Official language issue
Food shortage
Economic crisis
Indo-Pak war

PM Indira Gandhi Era
Official language
Split in congress (diminishing of Congress hegemony in regions)
Issue of inflation
Green revolution
Punjab crisis – Operation Blue Star
Land reforms
Bank nationalisation
Emergency
Naxal movement
1971 war with Pakistan
Janta movement

PM Rajiv Gandhi Era
Environment (focus on this topic for the first time by the government)
Anti-defection law
Women movements – Dowry Prohibition Act, Shah Bano case
Modernisation of army
Panchayati Raj

GK Notes PDF

Q. When did English introduce English as the medium of instruction in India- 1835
Q. Who was the founder of Aligarh Movement- Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Q. The founder of Brahma Samaj was – Raja Rammohan Roy
Q. Who was the founder of Prarthana Samaj – Atmaram Pandurang
Q. Which was the first reform movement to be started in the 19th century – Brahmo Samaj
Q. The Satyashodhak Samaj was founded by – Jyotiraba Phule
Q. Who said, “Truth is the ultimate element and that is God” – Mahatma Gandhi
Q. Who among the Congress leaders was called ‘great old man’ – Dadabhai Naoroji
Q. Who was the first Indian to become a member of the British Parliament – Dadabhai Naoroji
Q. Who propounded the principle of ‘drainage of property’ from India to Britain – Dadabhai Naoroji
Q. Who gave the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad” – Bhagat Singh
Q. Who was the founder and editor of the famous newspaper ‘Kesari’ during the national struggle – Lokmanya Tilak
Q. Which religious book Gandhiji has called his mother – Bhagavad Gita
Q. Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it. This slogan was give by – Lokmanya Tilak
Q. Who was called ‘Frontier Gandhi’ – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Q.Who is famous as “Lady with the Lamp” – Florence Nightingale
Q. Who is the author of the book ‘Life Divine’ – Arvind Ghosh
Q. Who coined the term Satyagraha – Mahatma Gandhi
Q. Who went to meet Gandhiji in South Africa – Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Q. The only session of Congress headed by Gandhiji was – Belgaum session
Q. In 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose was elected President of the Congress Party by defeating – Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Q. Where was the parallel government formed during the Quit India Movement- Ballia
Q. What were the three main forms of Satyagraha – non-cooperation, civil disobedience and boycott

India After Independence Questions

Q. Who was the first president of independent India – G.V. Mavalankar
Q. Who was the founder of the concept of Sarvodaya – Mahatma Gandhi
Q. Who founded the Banaras Hindu University – Madan Mohan Malviya
Q. Bhimbetka cave is located in which state- Madhya Pradesh
Q. The streets of the cities of the Indus Valley Civilization were- Chady and Sidhi
Q. Which are the port cities of Indus Valley Civilization- Lothal
Q. Satyameva Jayate engraved on Indian emblem is taken from – Mundakopanishad.
Q. Which marriage was not considered legal in ancient India – Gandharva marriage
Q. Buddha was related to which dynasty – Shakya
Q. Where did Buddha give his first sermon – Sarnath
Q. Coins made of metal first appeared in the time of – Buddha
Q. Name the kingdom that first used elephants in war – Magadha
Q. In which year Kalinga war took place – 261 BC
Q. What was the name of the ambassador of Greece in the Maurya court – Megasthenes
Q. Ashoka adopted Buddhism by being influenced by which Buddhist monk- Upagupta
Q. Which was the most famous center of education during Mauryan period- Taxila
Q. Who wrote the Arthashastra – Kautilya
Q. Which art is also known as Greco Buddhist art – Gandhara art
Q. In which year was the first battle of Panipat fought – 1526
Q. In which language did Babar wrote his memoirs titled Tujuk-e-Babri – Turkish

India After Independence Questions

Q. Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas under whose reign- Akbar
Q. Painting during which reign reached its highest level – Jahangir
Q. Which Mughal emperor prohibited the use of tobacco – Jahangir
Q. Which Mughal emperor is known as “Zinda Pir”- Aurangzeb
Q. The court language of the Mughal rulers was – Persian
Q. Where is Bibi Ka Maqbara located in India – Aurangabad
Q. Who was famous as Nana Saheb – Balaji Bajirao
Q. Which English ship was the first to arrive in India- Red Dragon
Q. Who discovered the route of ‘Cape of Good Hope’ to India – Vasco di Gama
Q. In which period stone tools were first found – Palaeolithic period
Q. Which civilization is famous for its city planning – Indus Valley Civilization
Q. What was the local name of Mohenjodaro – mound of the dead
Q. Where was the huge bath found – Mohenjodaro
Q. Worship of Mother was related to – Indus Valley Civilization
Q. Which civilization had the ship Malghat at the place called Lothal – Indus Valley
Q. In the Indus Valley Civilization, Kalibanga was famous for – ceramics
Q. The main food of the Vedic Aryans was- milk and its products

Geography PDF Notes

India After Independence Questions

Q. Who was the last ruler of Maurya dynasty – Brihadratha
Q. Under whose reign the Gandhara style of art flourished – Kanishka
Q. Who was the greatest ruler of Satavahana – Gautamiputra Shatkarni
Q. Most metal coins were issued during the Gupta period – Gold
Q. Whose achievements are described in the Allahabad Pillar inscription – Samudragupta
Q. Who is the author of Meghdoot – Kalidas
Q. Which Chola king had first conquered Lanka – Rajaraja I
Q. Who built the famous Shiva temple of Ellora – Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna.
Q. Which book was written by King Amoghavarsh of Rashtrakuta – Kaviraj Marg
Q. During which dynasty Mahabalipuram temple was built – Pallava dynasty
Q. The famous Dilwara temples are located in – Rajasthan
Q. Who wrote the book ‘Kathasritasagar’ – Somdev
Q. Who was the author of Harsha Charitra – Banabhatta

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